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Yerevan
05 / July / 2022


How to lessen labor migration from Armenia? Politicians’ proposals

Labor market and migration are among Armenia’s biggest problems. Political forces, racing for seats in the National Assembly, have presented their approaches to this problem solution during the round-table discussion initiated by Alternative Research Center.

On April 2, Armenian citizens will go to polls to form a new parliament. These parliamentary elections will complete the country’s transition to the parliamentary rule from presidential. Serzh Sargsyan’s presidency validity expires in 2018.

Nine political parties and blocs are campaigning now to win votes.

All the political forces running in the elections had been invited for the discussion, but three of them – the Armenian Revolutionary Federation/Dashnaktsutiun, Ohanyan-Raffi-Oskanian bloc and the Congress-the People’s Party o Armenia missed it.

Tsarukyan Bloc, led by well-known entrepreneur Gagiuk Tsarukyan, was represented in the discussion by Vardan Bostanjyan, who said that new jobs should be created in the country to deter people from leaving their country. He said that the authorities should ‘tighten their belts’ and save financial resources in the government budget.

Free Democrats puts special emphasis on the idea that Armenia can’t ensure progress in cooperation with Russia and should look at Europe. Their reprehensive Ashot Yeghiazaryan said the common European zone provides numerous opportunities, which would make it possible to develop Armenia’s economy, create jobs and lure Armenian labor migrants back to the homeland.
As an example, he pointed out the information technology industry, which develops in cooperation with western partners.

The ruling Republican Party of Armenia finds it possible to lessen the migration outflow by improving the quality of education, opening education centers and introducing innovations. Gagik Minasyan, representative of Armenian Republicans, said that the army and the mining industry have a huge capacity for introducing innovations, creating new jobs and developing engineering. The representative of the governing party said the only thing needed for that is a political will to create equal conditions and to combat dominance abuses at market.

Armenia’s Communists think that the country faces migration because of the saturation of the European market and the lack of opportunities in Armenia to produce modern goods. Naira Martirosyan said during the discussion that as long as Armenian science remains in such a precarious state and industrial giants stay idle the labor migration can’t be stopped.

Yelk (Way Out) opposition bloc will tie science and industry if comes to power. Gevorg Gorgisyan, a representative of the bloc said that special attention will be paid to development of the military industry. All the components necessary for development of military industry will be produced in Armenia’s territory, and the industry will be given to the private sector.

Armenian communities all over the world can assist in lessening labor migration, but Yelk proposes an unusual solution – to establish a chamber of MPs affiliated to the Armenian National Assembly, where Armenian communities overseas will dispatch their representatives, who will not only attract investments, but will also control the spending of the attracted financial resources and the implementation of projects.

The bloc also finds it necessary to establish direct ties between universities and industrial processes to ensure employment to graduates.

Armenian Renaissance, led by Arthur Baghdasaryan, former parliament speaker and former national security secretary, is convinced that employment should be ensured by the private sector, not the government. Vilen Khachatryan, Baghdasaryan’s fellow partisan, speaking at the discussion, said that the party intends to stop human resources’ outflow form the country and to introduce the final IT product in the country.

Source: http://arka.am/en/news/analytics/how_to_lessen_labor_migration_from_armenia_politicians_proposals/

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